Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 673,142
2 United Kingdom 237,348
3 Australia 162,830
4 Canada 116,540
5 China 65,715
6 Netherlands 46,334
7 South Africa 29,506
8 Indonesia 23,894
9 Germany 23,179
10 Taiwan 21,989
11 Malaysia 19,713
12 Sweden 19,235
13 New Zealand 16,855
14 Ireland 16,851
15 Turkey 16,806
16 Spain 15,796
17 Brazil 15,246
18 South Korea 14,976
19 Thailand 14,815
20 Belgium 13,608

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach