Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 668,802
2 United Kingdom 206,961
3 Australia 146,272
4 Canada 108,011
5 China 62,540
6 Netherlands 43,017
7 South Africa 28,696
8 Germany 25,916
9 Taiwan 21,830
10 Indonesia 21,671
11 Malaysia 19,843
12 Thailand 17,463
13 New Zealand 17,144
14 Sweden 16,463
15 Brazil 15,610
16 Turkey 14,606
17 Ireland 14,285
18 Iran 13,900
19 South Korea 13,517
20 Spain 13,330

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach