Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 680,669
2 United Kingdom 224,491
3 Australia 156,611
4 Canada 114,064
5 China 64,069
6 Netherlands 44,854
7 South Africa 29,106
8 Germany 24,919
9 Taiwan 21,639
10 Indonesia 20,959
11 Malaysia 19,417
12 Sweden 17,919
13 New Zealand 17,338
14 Thailand 16,756
15 Turkey 16,016
16 Brazil 15,654
17 Ireland 15,098
18 Spain 14,697
19 South Korea 14,263
20 Belgium 12,960

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach