Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 309,773
2 United States 176,720
3 United Kingdom 67,948
4 South Korea 54,492
5 India 47,197
6 France 45,545
7 Japan 33,041
8 Turkey 29,379
9 Russia 24,695
10 Canada 24,575
11 Brazil 23,781
12 Indonesia 21,750
13 Australia 19,700
14 Germany 14,641
15 Italy 14,610
16 Taiwan 13,368
17 Malaysia 11,174
18 Spain 10,661
19 Austria 9,293
20 Iran 9,239

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach