Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 107,050
2 United States 73,041
3 China 69,851
4 Netherlands 26,670
5 Australia 25,028
6 Germany 22,227
7 Indonesia 18,967
8 Malaysia 16,376
9 India 11,838
10 Turkey 11,270
11 Italy 10,741
12 Canada 10,416
13 Taiwan 9,509
14 France 9,345
15 South Africa 8,481
16 Sweden 6,913
17 Brazil 6,891
18 Pakistan 6,858
19 Switzerland 6,660
20 Japan 6,221

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach