Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 3,742,693
2 United States 2,148,458
3 China 1,548,004
4 Australia 1,431,543
5 Germany 814,981
6 Netherlands 758,090
7 Taiwan 477,272
8 Malaysia 387,954
9 Turkey 377,670
10 Indonesia 358,412
11 Canada 353,745
12 South Korea 336,846
13 India 315,621
14 Sweden 308,273
15 France 281,368
16 Italy 253,755
17 Brazil 236,165
18 South Africa 219,908
19 Spain 219,104
20 Denmark 214,898

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach