Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,804,238
2 United States 570,651
3 Brazil 269,320
4 United Kingdom 171,128
5 Canada 137,472
6 South Korea 131,224
7 Turkey 114,517
8 Australia 113,147
9 France 103,402
10 Thailand 102,544
11 Japan 102,255
12 India 93,892
13 Spain 91,958
14 Italy 87,775
15 Taiwan 83,178
16 Pakistan 78,208
17 Portugal 71,680
18 Malaysia 71,045
19 Mexico 70,968
20 Germany 66,730

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach