Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,558,051
2 United States 646,423
3 Brazil 298,150
4 United Kingdom 198,834
5 South Korea 156,047
6 Canada 152,703
7 Turkey 134,868
8 Australia 127,431
9 Japan 124,397
10 France 118,172
11 India 112,743
12 Spain 106,249
13 Taiwan 104,795
14 Italy 103,353
15 Thailand 94,508
16 Pakistan 93,088
17 Portugal 82,023
18 Malaysia 77,278
19 Mexico 73,009
20 Germany 68,664

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach