Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 96,071
2 China 65,937
3 United Kingdom 38,606
4 Japan 23,668
5 Germany 20,510
6 Australia 17,468
7 Canada 16,507
8 France 16,060
9 Indonesia 12,732
10 South Korea 12,515
11 Spain 9,626
12 Switzerland 8,679
13 Netherlands 8,044
14 India 7,750
15 Brazil 7,379
16 Mexico 6,897
17 Denmark 6,329
18 Taiwan 6,241
19 Italy 6,008
20 Poland 5,922

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach