Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 229,721
2 United States 193,017
3 United Kingdom 188,769
4 Australia 48,574
5 Germany 41,665
6 Netherlands 37,422
7 Canada 28,930
8 Hong Kong 21,299
9 Japan 20,657
10 Malaysia 19,572
11 France 19,024
12 Indonesia 18,106
13 Turkey 17,851
14 India 17,062
15 South Korea 15,478
16 Italy 14,695
17 South Africa 13,989
18 Russia 10,665
19 Taiwan 10,575
20 Sweden 9,959

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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