Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 249,920
2 United Kingdom 192,880
3 United States 189,196
4 Australia 47,085
5 Netherlands 41,119
6 Germany 35,610
7 Canada 29,106
8 Hong Kong 22,783
9 France 19,737
10 Turkey 18,019
11 Japan 17,988
12 Indonesia 17,193
13 Malaysia 16,434
14 South Korea 16,160
15 India 15,762
16 Italy 14,678
17 South Africa 13,642
18 Russia 11,114
19 Spain 10,318
20 Switzerland 9,961

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach