Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 652,378
2 United Kingdom 432,993
3 Australia 317,307
4 Canada 133,334
5 China 133,151
6 Netherlands 109,412
7 Germany 95,846
8 New Zealand 64,904
9 Hong Kong 40,371
10 Turkey 38,655
11 Malaysia 31,784
12 Japan 28,942
13 South Korea 27,839
14 Belgium 26,673
15 Taiwan 26,489
16 Sweden 25,358
17 South Africa 23,912
18 Israel 23,430
19 Singapore 21,511
20 Finland 20,159

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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