Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 646,290
2 United Kingdom 420,082
3 Australia 325,817
4 China 134,078
5 Canada 125,346
6 Netherlands 106,566
7 Germany 98,376
8 New Zealand 62,840
9 Hong Kong 42,831
10 Turkey 36,889
11 Malaysia 35,802
12 Japan 30,415
13 South Korea 27,975
14 Belgium 26,933
15 Taiwan 26,600
16 Sweden 25,272
17 South Africa 25,114
18 Israel 24,872
19 Singapore 22,138
20 Finland 20,807

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach