Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 625,512
2 United Kingdom 425,679
3 Australia 313,859
4 Canada 137,842
5 China 130,515
6 Netherlands 112,420
7 Germany 87,418
8 New Zealand 64,903
9 Turkey 38,913
10 Hong Kong 38,409
11 Japan 28,570
12 South Korea 28,284
13 Malaysia 27,829
14 Belgium 26,034
15 Sweden 24,968
16 Taiwan 24,673
17 Israel 22,080
18 South Africa 21,797
19 Spain 20,379
20 Singapore 20,310

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach