Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 606,954
2 United Kingdom 425,170
3 Australia 300,791
4 Canada 143,175
5 China 133,640
6 Netherlands 117,307
7 Germany 81,483
8 New Zealand 63,914
9 Turkey 44,916
10 Hong Kong 39,863
11 Japan 32,618
12 South Korea 29,558
13 Malaysia 27,263
14 Belgium 26,655
15 Sweden 25,169
16 Taiwan 24,161
17 Israel 22,253
18 Spain 20,860
19 South Africa 20,502
20 Italy 19,422

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach