Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 56,051
2 United States 48,552
3 Germany 22,222
4 Japan 20,516
5 India 17,423
6 United Kingdom 12,628
7 Switzerland 9,651
8 Russia 8,209
9 Italy 7,877
10 France 7,105
11 Brazil 5,583
12 Canada 5,400
13 South Korea 5,125
14 Spain 4,547
15 Australia 4,116
16 Turkey 3,488
17 Poland 2,616
18 Taiwan 2,375
19 Belgium 2,340
20 South Africa 2,043

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach