Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 137,742
2 United Kingdom 81,369
3 China 40,587
4 Australia 29,408
5 Germany 19,726
6 Netherlands 16,665
7 Canada 16,272
8 Italy 7,753
9 France 7,656
10 Malaysia 6,519
11 Belgium 6,267
12 Russia 5,837
13 Brazil 5,650
14 Japan 5,312
15 Indonesia 5,174
16 Spain 4,411
17 Turkey 4,342
18 Switzerland 4,208
19 South Africa 4,113
20 Taiwan 4,098

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach