Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,120,538
2 United States 200,628
3 United Kingdom 195,364
4 India 174,818
5 Australia 171,261
6 Turkey 86,678
7 South Korea 70,811
8 Brazil 65,742
9 Canada 59,566
10 Hong Kong 55,121
11 Malaysia 51,552
12 Japan 50,067
13 Singapore 43,732
14 Italy 38,345
15 Iran 36,218
16 Taiwan 31,110
17 Portugal 27,678
18 Spain 24,814
19 Thailand 24,600
20 Poland 23,719

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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