Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 997,554
2 United States 199,732
3 United Kingdom 190,928
4 India 182,538
5 Australia 165,775
6 Turkey 78,957
7 Brazil 68,627
8 South Korea 65,407
9 Malaysia 54,800
10 Canada 54,722
11 Iran 52,045
12 Hong Kong 50,259
13 Japan 44,228
14 Singapore 41,466
15 Taiwan 37,784
16 Italy 36,859
17 Portugal 27,315
18 Thailand 26,011
19 Russia 25,358
20 Poland 23,311

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach