Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 476,073
2 China 387,239
3 United Kingdom 245,414
4 Australia 107,415
5 Canada 94,013
6 Netherlands 64,394
7 Germany 51,767
8 Brazil 49,374
9 India 47,762
10 Indonesia 40,409
11 South Africa 38,531
12 Japan 34,820
13 Spain 30,805
14 Thailand 29,882
15 Turkey 29,729
16 Italy 29,480
17 Malaysia 27,427
18 South Korea 26,843
19 Taiwan 25,231
20 France 24,167

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach