Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 353,218
2 China 239,271
3 United Kingdom 140,928
4 Australia 77,958
5 Japan 75,530
6 Canada 64,695
7 Germany 36,835
8 Brazil 36,222
9 Netherlands 35,186
10 France 31,077
11 Italy 29,408
12 South Korea 28,614
13 Turkey 23,668
14 Mexico 21,258
15 Russia 20,840
16 India 19,295
17 Taiwan 17,855
18 Spain 17,551
19 Switzerland 17,500
20 New Zealand 16,890

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach