Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 347,411
2 China 249,818
3 United Kingdom 142,948
4 Australia 79,436
5 Japan 77,612
6 Canada 68,092
7 Netherlands 36,900
8 Germany 34,238
9 Brazil 32,200
10 France 29,487
11 Italy 29,123
12 South Korea 28,517
13 Turkey 24,869
14 Mexico 19,661
15 New Zealand 18,021
16 Switzerland 17,619
17 Spain 17,526
18 India 17,238
19 Russia 16,517
20 Taiwan 16,149

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach