Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 7,725,631
2 United States 3,331,170
3 South Korea 1,084,109
4 United Kingdom 843,188
5 Japan 786,059
6 Germany 516,768
7 India 481,200
8 Taiwan 475,700
9 Australia 410,628
10 Canada 376,164
11 Turkey 312,514
12 Netherlands 310,479
13 Italy 304,856
14 France 238,988
15 Brazil 230,896
16 Spain 220,916
17 Iran 200,379
18 Hong Kong 186,131
19 Portugal 179,922
20 Switzerland 177,364

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach