Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 6,865,462
2 United States 3,875,634
3 South Korea 1,149,724
4 United Kingdom 908,593
5 Japan 861,279
6 India 666,469
7 Germany 650,486
8 Taiwan 583,736
9 Australia 413,543
10 Canada 394,651
11 Turkey 366,798
12 Italy 323,860
13 Netherlands 306,327
14 Brazil 295,571
15 France 287,674
16 Iran 250,412
17 Spain 214,319
18 Switzerland 186,891
19 Singapore 180,060
20 Portugal 173,802

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach