Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 7,131,258
2 United States 3,600,208
3 South Korea 1,089,614
4 United Kingdom 881,625
5 Japan 816,034
6 Germany 586,692
7 India 556,812
8 Taiwan 516,770
9 Australia 412,886
10 Canada 388,570
11 Netherlands 322,947
12 Turkey 311,832
13 Italy 309,399
14 Brazil 262,230
15 France 248,782
16 Iran 233,043
17 Spain 224,275
18 Switzerland 182,606
19 Portugal 177,667
20 Hong Kong 165,410

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach