Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 626,180
2 United States 263,581
3 Thailand 114,776
4 South Korea 114,036
5 United Kingdom 109,624
6 India 99,605
7 Brazil 87,258
8 France 78,736
9 Germany 77,235
10 Turkey 73,117
11 Malaysia 71,461
12 Japan 69,129
13 Taiwan 58,578
14 Canada 50,263
15 Italy 46,103
16 Russia 42,692
17 Australia 41,982
18 Spain 39,791
19 Poland 38,039
20 Netherlands 33,195

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach