Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 760,299
2 United States 293,314
3 South Korea 141,561
4 United Kingdom 124,000
5 India 110,105
6 Thailand 97,861
7 Turkey 89,329
8 Brazil 88,176
9 France 86,599
10 Japan 82,000
11 Germany 77,572
12 Malaysia 73,753
13 Taiwan 69,783
14 Canada 56,329
15 Italy 56,019
16 Australia 48,593
17 Spain 46,542
18 Poland 44,117
19 Russia 41,305
20 Netherlands 40,108

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach