Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 576,574
2 United States 114,674
3 India 101,115
4 Japan 84,803
5 United Kingdom 61,617
6 Taiwan 59,148
7 South Korea 45,711
8 Germany 37,568
9 Turkey 25,321
10 Canada 23,243
11 Brazil 20,626
12 Netherlands 17,804
13 Australia 17,204
14 France 16,834
15 Italy 16,689
16 Malaysia 15,200
17 Hong Kong 14,159
18 Poland 12,867
19 Spain 12,539
20 Russia 11,592

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach