Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 530,387
2 United States 113,980
3 India 109,634
4 Japan 79,025
5 United Kingdom 59,264
6 Taiwan 57,233
7 South Korea 41,169
8 Germany 39,221
9 Turkey 24,387
10 Canada 24,367
11 Brazil 22,188
12 Malaysia 17,601
13 Australia 16,658
14 Netherlands 15,981
15 France 15,902
16 Italy 15,090
17 Hong Kong 13,200
18 Russia 11,944
19 Poland 11,857
20 Spain 11,818

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach