Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,261,208
2 United States 662,058
3 India 525,410
4 United Kingdom 403,308
5 Australia 293,855
6 Turkey 236,441
7 Italy 192,310
8 Canada 167,345
9 South Korea 159,880
10 Iran 138,352
11 Brazil 133,943
12 Malaysia 130,414
13 Japan 124,742
14 Hong Kong 94,823
15 Taiwan 93,779
16 Thailand 77,229
17 Spain 76,753
18 France 74,841
19 Portugal 70,841
20 Germany 63,290

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach