Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,905,970
2 United States 601,386
3 India 539,110
4 United Kingdom 380,550
5 Australia 251,292
6 Turkey 223,836
7 Italy 180,911
8 Canada 167,726
9 South Korea 144,459
10 Malaysia 134,909
11 Iran 128,154
12 Brazil 120,332
13 Japan 111,843
14 Taiwan 104,334
15 Hong Kong 84,774
16 Spain 76,764
17 France 76,332
18 Thailand 75,318
19 Portugal 72,084
20 Germany 68,461

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach