Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,602,132
2 United States 683,669
3 India 491,628
4 United Kingdom 431,050
5 Australia 317,759
6 Turkey 257,430
7 Italy 200,427
8 Canada 186,735
9 South Korea 182,112
10 Brazil 155,369
11 Japan 139,278
12 Iran 127,403
13 Malaysia 124,938
14 Hong Kong 106,877
15 Taiwan 99,915
16 Spain 76,823
17 France 76,558
18 Portugal 73,163
19 Thailand 72,822
20 Egypt 61,938

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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