Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 481,141
2 United States 241,705
3 India 111,581
4 Brazil 106,984
5 South Korea 99,256
6 Japan 93,279
7 Germany 90,647
8 United Kingdom 84,156
9 Thailand 69,409
10 Canada 55,031
11 Turkey 54,807
12 Taiwan 46,392
13 Malaysia 46,350
14 Mexico 45,077
15 Spain 44,729
16 Russia 43,472
17 Netherlands 43,201
18 France 37,423
19 Australia 35,631
20 Italy 29,833

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach