Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 951,911
2 United States 609,193
3 United Kingdom 497,944
4 Germany 201,039
5 Australia 191,199
6 Turkey 148,542
7 Canada 110,121
8 India 107,381
9 Netherlands 102,386
10 Malaysia 100,943
11 South Korea 94,816
12 France 82,775
13 Brazil 68,912
14 Italy 63,784
15 Japan 62,504
16 Spain 61,818
17 Taiwan 57,470
18 Sweden 56,951
19 Indonesia 49,119
20 South Africa 47,654

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach