Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,448,602
2 United States 636,188
3 United Kingdom 551,482
4 Australia 240,104
5 Turkey 178,862
6 Germany 167,958
7 Canada 123,001
8 Netherlands 120,335
9 India 114,666
10 South Korea 106,703
11 France 98,252
12 Malaysia 85,576
13 Italy 80,437
14 Japan 76,563
15 Spain 72,849
16 Brazil 67,791
17 Sweden 59,324
18 Taiwan 57,054
19 Indonesia 52,069
20 South Africa 50,504

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach