Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,105,546
2 United States 615,620
3 United Kingdom 510,603
4 Australia 208,902
5 Germany 186,333
6 Turkey 156,651
7 Canada 116,099
8 India 108,685
9 Netherlands 106,135
10 South Korea 97,937
11 Malaysia 91,514
12 France 87,863
13 Italy 68,810
14 Brazil 68,475
15 Japan 67,865
16 Spain 65,399
17 Taiwan 55,122
18 Sweden 53,583
19 Indonesia 49,053
20 South Africa 48,851

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach