Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 878,949
2 United States 271,472
3 India 218,332
4 South Korea 142,501
5 United Kingdom 122,402
6 Turkey 100,055
7 Japan 94,887
8 Germany 87,539
9 Brazil 83,717
10 Italy 76,183
11 France 63,635
12 Spain 59,569
13 Canada 56,911
14 Taiwan 49,529
15 Australia 47,823
16 Thailand 47,276
17 Mexico 44,486
18 Russia 37,728
19 Malaysia 37,678
20 Netherlands 32,203

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach