Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,570,419
2 United Kingdom 492,262
3 Australia 315,761
4 Canada 231,264
5 Netherlands 144,910
6 China 127,676
7 Hong Kong 73,695
8 Germany 57,632
9 Turkey 50,656
10 Sweden 42,980
11 Belgium 42,580
12 Malaysia 42,264
13 South Africa 39,698
14 New Zealand 37,582
15 Spain 37,107
16 Italy 37,091
17 South Korea 36,979
18 Israel 36,481
19 Indonesia 31,659
20 Ireland 30,082

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach