Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,621,271
2 United Kingdom 531,948
3 Australia 336,725
4 Canada 254,236
5 Netherlands 151,306
6 China 139,312
7 Hong Kong 83,424
8 Germany 55,836
9 Turkey 51,443
10 Belgium 45,070
11 Sweden 43,596
12 Italy 39,957
13 Spain 39,912
14 Malaysia 39,810
15 South Korea 38,384
16 New Zealand 37,368
17 Israel 37,021
18 South Africa 35,840
19 Indonesia 31,959
20 Ireland 31,865

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach