Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 284,244
2 China 238,847
3 United Kingdom 104,555
4 Australia 77,804
5 Brazil 65,104
6 South Africa 58,842
7 Mexico 45,553
8 Germany 42,760
9 Canada 40,711
10 India 29,993
11 Spain 29,730
12 Argentina 29,198
13 Netherlands 26,164
14 Japan 22,472
15 France 22,244
16 Ethiopia 19,447
17 Italy 17,099
18 Israel 16,964
19 Turkey 15,786
20 South Korea 14,668

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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