Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 281,081
2 China 242,947
3 United Kingdom 107,868
4 Australia 81,032
5 Brazil 64,536
6 South Africa 55,215
7 Canada 41,328
8 Mexico 40,406
9 Germany 36,564
10 Spain 31,387
11 Netherlands 26,576
12 Argentina 26,022
13 India 24,800
14 France 22,804
15 Japan 22,541
16 Israel 17,905
17 Ethiopia 17,856
18 Italy 17,735
19 Turkey 15,816
20 Chile 13,128

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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