Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 713,946
2 Brazil 508,801
3 United Kingdom 320,687
4 China 293,622
5 Japan 152,995
6 South Korea 147,307
7 Iran 135,192
8 Thailand 126,053
9 Spain 121,537
10 Taiwan 120,099
11 Australia 109,885
12 India 104,207
13 Canada 94,429
14 Mexico 84,771
15 Germany 78,047
16 Turkey 57,879
17 Sweden 53,965
18 Colombia 48,248
19 France 46,992
20 Israel 46,236

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach