Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 762,014
2 China 177,559
3 United Kingdom 139,685
4 Australia 130,222
5 Canada 95,706
6 South Africa 46,633
7 Malaysia 45,264
8 Indonesia 37,781
9 India 33,022
10 Sweden 23,122
11 Thailand 23,047
12 Turkey 21,534
13 Germany 20,079
14 Taiwan 19,692
15 Philippines 19,151
16 Spain 18,923
17 New Zealand 17,432
18 Brazil 17,306
19 Netherlands 16,931
20 South Korea 16,775

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach