Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 706,864
2 United States 529,704
3 United Kingdom 265,648
4 Germany 141,207
5 India 136,478
6 South Korea 115,287
7 Canada 108,933
8 Brazil 104,378
9 Australia 68,279
10 Netherlands 65,714
11 Malaysia 60,596
12 Turkey 59,400
13 Japan 57,779
14 France 57,152
15 Taiwan 52,842
16 Thailand 52,270
17 Spain 51,235
18 Italy 50,540
19 Colombia 43,507
20 Mexico 41,605

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach