Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 662,357
2 United States 521,582
3 United Kingdom 248,475
4 India 153,776
5 Germany 152,707
6 Brazil 113,641
7 Canada 103,472
8 South Korea 100,871
9 France 67,992
10 Australia 66,003
11 Malaysia 63,399
12 Netherlands 58,807
13 Turkey 57,747
14 Thailand 55,638
15 Japan 52,714
16 Taiwan 50,043
17 Spain 48,548
18 Mexico 47,492
19 Russia 46,606
20 Colombia 45,858

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach