Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 219,596
2 United States 113,253
3 United Kingdom 55,565
4 South Korea 37,258
5 Germany 34,423
6 Brazil 26,782
7 Japan 24,981
8 Canada 23,893
9 India 21,975
10 Italy 21,213
11 Australia 20,343
12 France 20,278
13 Turkey 17,253
14 Taiwan 16,921
15 Netherlands 16,495
16 Switzerland 12,296
17 Spain 11,841
18 Malaysia 10,074
19 Austria 9,941
20 Hong Kong 9,563

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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