Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 203,136
2 United States 117,134
3 United Kingdom 53,155
4 Germany 42,244
5 India 35,378
6 South Korea 35,100
7 Brazil 27,777
8 Canada 23,971
9 Japan 23,900
10 France 20,893
11 Taiwan 20,564
12 Italy 18,532
13 Australia 18,110
14 Russia 16,690
15 Turkey 15,156
16 Malaysia 14,624
17 Netherlands 13,922
18 Spain 13,490
19 Switzerland 12,725
20 Portugal 9,764

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach