Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 200,803
2 United States 114,402
3 United Kingdom 54,666
4 Germany 38,144
5 South Korea 35,243
6 Brazil 30,749
7 Japan 24,612
8 Canada 24,586
9 India 23,348
10 Australia 19,911
11 France 19,782
12 Italy 19,503
13 Taiwan 16,979
14 Turkey 15,824
15 Netherlands 15,294
16 Russia 13,146
17 Spain 11,979
18 Switzerland 11,751
19 Malaysia 10,687
20 Portugal 10,102

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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