Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 465,067
2 China 428,691
3 United Kingdom 191,996
4 Australia 79,495
5 Germany 76,356
6 Canada 72,438
7 Netherlands 58,347
8 Japan 50,013
9 France 48,226
10 Italy 29,962
11 Switzerland 27,266
12 South Korea 26,173
13 Sweden 22,963
14 India 19,207
15 Spain 18,269
16 Hong Kong 17,893
17 Brazil 17,620
18 Norway 17,156
19 Taiwan 16,800
20 Turkey 14,703

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach