Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 444,965
2 China 347,771
3 United Kingdom 173,187
4 Germany 80,264
5 Australia 75,946
6 Canada 69,999
7 Netherlands 51,702
8 Japan 47,401
9 France 43,384
10 Italy 25,241
11 South Korea 24,702
12 Switzerland 23,929
13 Sweden 20,187
14 India 20,044
15 Brazil 17,411
16 Taiwan 16,673
17 Spain 16,408
18 Norway 16,149
19 Malaysia 14,579
20 Hong Kong 14,119

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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