Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 406,149
2 China 233,974
3 United Kingdom 140,867
4 Germany 79,982
5 Australia 70,352
6 Canada 61,404
7 Netherlands 44,578
8 Japan 42,423
9 France 39,249
10 South Korea 22,769
11 Sweden 20,341
12 Italy 19,792
13 Switzerland 19,133
14 Malaysia 17,888
15 India 16,828
16 Taiwan 16,028
17 Brazil 15,866
18 Spain 14,837
19 Norway 14,796
20 Indonesia 14,008

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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