Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 322,693
2 United Kingdom 88,333
3 Australia 87,752
4 Canada 26,126
5 Turkey 20,535
6 Belgium 16,234
7 China 14,768
8 Norway 13,756
9 Germany 13,272
10 India 13,017
11 Israel 9,464
12 Iran 9,224
13 South Korea 8,601
14 Ireland 8,485
15 Netherlands 8,199
16 Finland 7,924
17 Japan 7,893
18 Italy 7,167
19 New Zealand 6,866
20 France 6,679

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach