Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 876,669
2 United States 639,055
3 United Kingdom 231,801
4 India 131,436
5 Japan 113,850
6 Canada 92,783
7 Australia 87,981
8 South Korea 77,089
9 Italy 75,834
10 Germany 69,754
11 Netherlands 66,207
12 Turkey 55,736
13 Russia 54,315
14 France 53,949
15 Brazil 44,665
16 Spain 34,699
17 Taiwan 32,619
18 Iran 28,353
19 Colombia 23,574
20 Malaysia 20,653

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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