Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 487,685
2 China 261,283
3 United Kingdom 159,992
4 Australia 54,677
5 Canada 50,436
6 Germany 48,430
7 Netherlands 46,876
8 Japan 43,076
9 France 27,848
10 South Korea 25,050
11 Hong Kong 19,479
12 Sweden 18,915
13 Indonesia 18,663
14 Italy 16,927
15 Spain 15,947
16 Switzerland 13,480
17 Malaysia 13,315
18 Singapore 12,745
19 Brazil 12,526
20 Taiwan 12,375

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach