Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 485,158
2 China 241,740
3 United Kingdom 151,967
4 Australia 57,147
5 Germany 50,958
6 Canada 49,314
7 Netherlands 45,546
8 Japan 40,016
9 France 28,081
10 South Korea 24,964
11 Indonesia 20,184
12 Sweden 19,467
13 Hong Kong 18,233
14 Malaysia 16,290
15 Italy 16,197
16 Spain 15,320
17 Singapore 13,574
18 Brazil 13,204
19 India 12,573
20 Switzerland 12,383

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach