Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 489,540
2 China 287,554
3 United Kingdom 168,605
4 Australia 53,685
5 Canada 52,229
6 Netherlands 48,838
7 Japan 45,257
8 Germany 43,158
9 France 28,774
10 South Korea 25,149
11 Hong Kong 23,552
12 Sweden 20,804
13 Indonesia 18,960
14 Spain 17,450
15 Italy 16,937
16 Switzerland 14,609
17 Taiwan 12,736
18 Belgium 12,222
19 Singapore 11,808
20 India 11,689

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach