Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 457,318
2 China 217,048
3 United Kingdom 137,132
4 Australia 53,354
5 Germany 51,424
6 Canada 46,220
7 Netherlands 42,851
8 Japan 36,639
9 France 29,564
10 South Korea 24,220
11 Indonesia 19,609
12 Sweden 18,400
13 Hong Kong 17,483
14 Malaysia 17,358
15 Singapore 16,722
16 Italy 15,091
17 Spain 14,430
18 Brazil 12,987
19 Taiwan 12,577
20 Turkey 11,671

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach