Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 458,221
2 United Kingdom 240,803
3 China 156,922
4 Australia 106,646
5 Germany 87,405
6 Canada 73,754
7 Netherlands 59,051
8 Japan 42,636
9 Taiwan 39,428
10 Italy 36,027
11 France 31,760
12 Spain 28,602
13 Hong Kong 24,384
14 Belgium 21,654
15 South Korea 21,321
16 Israel 20,000
17 India 19,405
18 Switzerland 19,224
19 Sweden 14,401
20 Finland 14,355

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach