Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 428,940
2 United Kingdom 241,240
3 China 153,629
4 Australia 94,332
5 Germany 78,785
6 Canada 72,781
7 Netherlands 57,374
8 Japan 46,213
9 Taiwan 39,677
10 Italy 38,237
11 France 29,373
12 Spain 28,319
13 Hong Kong 25,381
14 Belgium 22,564
15 South Korea 22,021
16 Switzerland 19,474
17 Israel 19,339
18 India 15,479
19 Turkey 15,159
20 Sweden 14,112

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach