Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 150,197
2 United States 73,740
3 India 32,525
4 United Kingdom 24,750
5 France 18,953
6 Italy 14,101
7 Turkey 13,452
8 Germany 13,233
9 Canada 12,539
10 South Korea 11,633
11 Brazil 11,148
12 Australia 10,798
13 Japan 10,509
14 Spain 8,279
15 Iran 8,194
16 Russia 7,553
17 Taiwan 6,451
18 Poland 5,668
19 Switzerland 5,522
20 Netherlands 5,359

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach