Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 869,894
2 United Kingdom 401,744
3 Australia 293,597
4 Germany 144,598
5 Canada 120,898
6 Netherlands 120,647
7 China 90,475
8 Turkey 33,390
9 New Zealand 32,830
10 Switzerland 32,008
11 South Korea 31,759
12 Israel 31,459
13 Hong Kong 31,363
14 Belgium 29,051
15 Sweden 28,712
16 Japan 23,085
17 Taiwan 22,962
18 Malaysia 22,856
19 Italy 21,108
20 Singapore 21,028

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach