Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 882,478
2 United Kingdom 497,319
3 Australia 313,171
4 Netherlands 150,449
5 Canada 142,557
6 Germany 141,660
7 China 106,487
8 Turkey 42,871
9 Switzerland 41,364
10 South Korea 36,754
11 Israel 33,077
12 Belgium 32,871
13 New Zealand 32,776
14 Hong Kong 32,638
15 Japan 29,358
16 Sweden 26,941
17 Spain 26,710
18 Italy 26,225
19 Norway 24,622
20 Austria 22,518

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach