Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 885,673
2 United Kingdom 456,289
3 Australia 304,817
4 Germany 139,886
5 Netherlands 137,227
6 Canada 134,494
7 China 97,022
8 Turkey 37,850
9 Switzerland 37,717
10 New Zealand 33,045
11 South Korea 33,024
12 Israel 31,461
13 Belgium 30,683
14 Hong Kong 30,001
15 Japan 26,733
16 Sweden 25,781
17 Italy 23,381
18 Spain 22,751
19 Singapore 20,654
20 Taiwan 20,432

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach