Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 891,362
2 United Kingdom 426,390
3 Australia 301,226
4 Germany 145,287
5 Netherlands 128,174
6 Canada 125,211
7 China 95,227
8 Turkey 35,383
9 Switzerland 34,819
10 New Zealand 32,946
11 South Korea 32,095
12 Israel 30,745
13 Belgium 29,750
14 Hong Kong 29,356
15 Sweden 27,464
16 Japan 24,431
17 Malaysia 21,738
18 Italy 21,673
19 Spain 21,448
20 Singapore 20,731

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach