Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,075,337
2 United Kingdom 692,562
3 Australia 489,285
4 Canada 373,100
5 China 212,203
6 Netherlands 162,419
7 Germany 88,649
8 Japan 70,369
9 Spain 62,828
10 Sweden 62,490
11 South Korea 61,172
12 Brazil 60,406
13 New Zealand 55,723
14 Turkey 51,918
15 Taiwan 51,780
16 Hong Kong 50,182
17 Ireland 49,140
18 Malaysia 46,084
19 Norway 45,392
20 France 44,946

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach