Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,074,615
2 United Kingdom 677,634
3 Australia 487,877
4 Canada 363,760
5 China 191,815
6 Netherlands 154,647
7 Germany 94,037
8 Brazil 67,906
9 Japan 66,672
10 Sweden 63,589
11 Spain 58,673
12 New Zealand 57,851
13 South Korea 57,632
14 Taiwan 52,921
15 Malaysia 51,090
16 Turkey 49,473
17 Ireland 47,772
18 Hong Kong 47,499
19 France 43,469
20 Norway 42,712

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach