Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 696,314
2 China 163,170
3 United Kingdom 154,686
4 Canada 103,980
5 Australia 97,940
6 Japan 86,542
7 Brazil 71,385
8 South Korea 46,925
9 Germany 46,343
10 Netherlands 40,544
11 Russia 33,014
12 Mexico 32,756
13 France 32,108
14 Spain 29,244
15 Turkey 28,556
16 Iran 27,128
17 Italy 26,825
18 Taiwan 22,964
19 India 22,698
20 Switzerland 18,784

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach