Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 741,773
2 China 177,024
3 United Kingdom 157,902
4 Canada 117,604
5 Australia 106,584
6 Brazil 89,910
7 Japan 89,761
8 South Korea 52,351
9 Germany 50,766
10 Russia 48,103
11 Netherlands 42,008
12 Mexico 40,067
13 France 38,412
14 Iran 33,651
15 India 33,199
16 Turkey 30,697
17 Spain 30,649
18 Italy 28,968
19 Taiwan 26,211
20 Switzerland 19,445

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach