Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 773,575
2 China 189,683
3 United Kingdom 163,473
4 Canada 119,542
5 Australia 112,593
6 Brazil 103,456
7 Japan 95,000
8 Russia 61,250
9 South Korea 57,579
10 Germany 54,828
11 France 46,570
12 Netherlands 44,110
13 Mexico 43,012
14 India 42,613
15 Iran 35,982
16 Turkey 32,984
17 Spain 32,890
18 Italy 32,547
19 Taiwan 29,114
20 Switzerland 21,420

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach