Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,048,206
2 China 367,635
3 United Kingdom 174,614
4 Japan 173,837
5 Italy 100,306
6 South Korea 98,720
7 Canada 96,744
8 Australia 91,786
9 Germany 90,451
10 Turkey 86,987
11 Taiwan 70,375
12 Brazil 64,254
13 Netherlands 59,751
14 France 53,408
15 Spain 48,224
16 Switzerland 40,425
17 Iran 37,534
18 Belgium 29,311
19 Thailand 27,836
20 Sweden 26,211

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach