Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 480,659
2 United Kingdom 395,494
3 Australia 292,366
4 Canada 81,329
5 Netherlands 78,917
6 Germany 64,515
7 China 43,313
8 New Zealand 40,526
9 Sweden 37,561
10 Denmark 29,010
11 South Africa 24,031
12 Ireland 18,706
13 Singapore 15,835
14 Finland 15,334
15 India 15,154
16 Norway 15,064
17 Malaysia 14,388
18 France 13,753
19 Hong Kong 13,154
20 Brazil 12,764

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach