Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 71,172
2 United States 36,741
3 United Kingdom 15,313
4 India 11,746
5 Germany 10,667
6 South Korea 10,484
7 Japan 9,200
8 Taiwan 8,331
9 Russia 5,343
10 France 5,327
11 Canada 4,591
12 Australia 4,220
13 Turkey 3,685
14 Italy 3,132
15 Spain 2,948
16 Switzerland 2,646
17 Brazil 2,476
18 Saudi Arabia 2,452
19 Hong Kong 2,381
20 Netherlands 2,365

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach