Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 60,940
2 United States 36,161
3 United Kingdom 14,898
4 India 11,742
5 Germany 11,370
6 South Korea 9,138
7 Japan 8,632
8 Taiwan 6,999
9 France 5,203
10 Russia 4,700
11 Canada 4,607
12 Australia 4,198
13 Turkey 3,696
14 Italy 3,003
15 Spain 2,835
16 Brazil 2,569
17 Switzerland 2,427
18 Saudi Arabia 2,307
19 Singapore 2,256
20 Netherlands 2,256

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach