Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 252,516
2 China 110,725
3 United Kingdom 99,116
4 Germany 47,000
5 Japan 36,296
6 Canada 35,719
7 Australia 33,476
8 France 25,725
9 India 24,753
10 Italy 21,395
11 Netherlands 21,233
12 Brazil 20,378
13 South Korea 19,280
14 Spain 17,094
15 Switzerland 15,101
16 Russia 14,849
17 Taiwan 13,097
18 Mexico 12,801
19 Turkey 11,501
20 Sweden 8,904

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach