Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 36,414
2 United States 28,500
3 India 20,355
4 Poland 19,364
5 United Kingdom 13,503
6 Germany 11,259
7 Russia 7,524
8 France 5,477
9 Turkey 5,367
10 Italy 5,254
11 South Korea 5,207
12 Australia 5,113
13 Japan 5,107
14 Spain 5,023
15 Canada 5,010
16 Norway 4,805
17 Malaysia 4,743
18 Brazil 4,303
19 Netherlands 4,249
20 Sweden 3,713

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach