Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 35,487
2 United States 29,018
3 Poland 20,487
4 India 19,603
5 United Kingdom 13,132
6 Germany 11,445
7 Russia 7,457
8 France 5,381
9 Turkey 5,361
10 Malaysia 5,195
11 Italy 5,156
12 Australia 5,155
13 Canada 4,945
14 Spain 4,849
15 Japan 4,774
16 Brazil 4,672
17 South Korea 4,482
18 Norway 4,472
19 Indonesia 4,361
20 Netherlands 3,998

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach