Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 52,948
2 China 49,779
3 Germany 24,135
4 United Kingdom 23,852
5 Brazil 21,202
6 Canada 13,679
7 Australia 10,509
8 India 10,492
9 Thailand 7,709
10 France 7,359
11 Poland 7,241
12 Japan 6,881
13 Netherlands 6,279
14 Turkey 6,246
15 Spain 6,185
16 Malaysia 5,216
17 Ethiopia 5,045
18 South Korea 4,936
19 Italy 4,927
20 South Africa 4,903

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach