Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 53,031
2 United States 51,706
3 United Kingdom 23,560
4 Germany 21,677
5 Brazil 19,796
6 Canada 13,615
7 Australia 10,326
8 India 8,711
9 Japan 7,050
10 France 6,902
11 Thailand 6,539
12 Netherlands 6,382
13 Spain 5,925
14 Poland 5,682
15 Czech Republic 5,017
16 Turkey 4,998
17 Ethiopia 4,978
18 Italy 4,848
19 Belgium 4,765
20 South Africa 4,635

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach