Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,085,299
2 United Kingdom 265,133
3 Australia 128,504
4 China 121,290
5 Canada 112,432
6 Netherlands 81,448
7 Germany 79,628
8 Hong Kong 32,444
9 Sweden 26,081
10 Taiwan 24,216
11 Malaysia 23,572
12 Belgium 23,509
13 South Korea 22,836
14 Turkey 21,168
15 Switzerland 19,292
16 Spain 19,209
17 Italy 18,136
18 New Zealand 17,408
19 Israel 17,067
20 Indonesia 16,810

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach