Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 10,629,321
2 United States 4,742,511
3 United Kingdom 2,044,853
4 Canada 1,170,392
5 Australia 1,134,073
6 Brazil 1,129,973
7 Spain 755,973
8 South Korea 708,763
9 Italy 676,346
10 France 674,715
11 Germany 654,338
12 Japan 628,793
13 India 534,002
14 Taiwan 487,771
15 Turkey 480,123
16 Netherlands 476,350
17 Thailand 457,005
18 Malaysia 422,030
19 Portugal 350,201
20 Russia 325,885

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach