Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,226,304
2 United Kingdom 1,132,518
3 United States 829,704
4 Netherlands 486,846
5 Germany 459,809
6 Australia 298,866
7 South Korea 229,527
8 Italy 193,011
9 Canada 192,717
10 Sweden 188,285
11 Brazil 164,629
12 Denmark 151,277
13 France 144,041
14 Spain 134,923
15 Taiwan 130,698
16 Norway 119,114
17 Japan 119,022
18 India 112,026
19 Switzerland 110,680
20 Belgium 100,863

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach