Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,089,490
2 United Kingdom 1,086,356
3 United States 805,697
4 Germany 493,638
5 Netherlands 456,696
6 Australia 301,851
7 South Korea 227,058
8 Italy 179,953
9 Canada 175,503
10 Brazil 172,540
11 Sweden 161,462
12 Denmark 141,435
13 France 133,070
14 Taiwan 129,722
15 Spain 129,388
16 India 114,720
17 Japan 114,175
18 Norway 104,106
19 Switzerland 102,224
20 Belgium 93,801

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach