Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,130,607
2 United Kingdom 504,767
3 China 457,976
4 Germany 245,916
5 Australia 140,475
6 Netherlands 138,766
7 Canada 117,904
8 Japan 96,334
9 France 70,649
10 Italy 66,669
11 Switzerland 64,646
12 South Korea 49,863
13 Sweden 47,298
14 Hong Kong 42,868
15 Spain 42,854
16 Indonesia 40,821
17 Norway 40,070
18 Belgium 39,833
19 Taiwan 36,900
20 Denmark 35,885

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach