Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,065,575
2 United Kingdom 456,467
3 China 395,404
4 Germany 261,374
5 Australia 133,239
6 Netherlands 129,567
7 Canada 110,804
8 Japan 92,376
9 France 67,878
10 Italy 59,671
11 Switzerland 58,550
12 Sweden 44,179
13 South Korea 44,048
14 Indonesia 42,107
15 Spain 39,007
16 Taiwan 38,382
17 Norway 37,961
18 Hong Kong 35,928
19 Belgium 35,091
20 South Africa 34,008

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach