Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 243,013
2 China 216,078
3 Germany 58,764
4 United Kingdom 57,666
5 Japan 42,369
6 Canada 40,861
7 India 31,584
8 France 30,234
9 South Korea 26,823
10 Australia 23,902
11 Italy 23,790
12 Taiwan 20,711
13 Netherlands 19,011
14 Spain 18,823
15 Switzerland 16,396
16 Hong Kong 16,302
17 Turkey 13,387
18 Brazil 13,013
19 Poland 12,881
20 Belgium 11,298

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach