Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 630,792
2 United Kingdom 313,911
3 Australia 118,699
4 Canada 103,545
5 Spain 79,363
6 Germany 69,509
7 China 61,402
8 France 57,567
9 Italy 34,509
10 Japan 31,399
11 Netherlands 27,880
12 South Africa 26,497
13 Israel 23,152
14 New Zealand 21,759
15 Brazil 18,678
16 Switzerland 14,232
17 Austria 12,569
18 Turkey 11,809
19 Czech Republic 10,869
20 Belgium 8,289

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach