Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 571,964
2 China 274,048
3 Japan 200,862
4 United Kingdom 81,088
5 Italy 73,530
6 South Korea 62,793
7 Germany 57,978
8 Canada 53,355
9 France 48,126
10 Australia 40,190
11 Taiwan 39,430
12 Netherlands 38,588
13 Brazil 37,511
14 Spain 37,012
15 Turkey 34,493
16 Switzerland 31,908
17 Thailand 20,706
18 Belgium 20,147
19 Sweden 15,879
20 Mexico 14,470

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach