Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 604,476
2 China 292,879
3 Japan 204,114
4 United Kingdom 81,427
5 Italy 77,288
6 South Korea 69,178
7 Germany 63,605
8 Canada 56,783
9 France 53,331
10 Taiwan 43,399
11 Brazil 41,892
12 Australia 41,708
13 Netherlands 39,647
14 Spain 37,875
15 Turkey 35,700
16 Switzerland 34,482
17 Belgium 28,194
18 Thailand 22,785
19 Russia 21,250
20 Mexico 18,018

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach