Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries Downloads
1 China 538,508
2 United States 282,150
3 India 171,872
4 France 137,398
5 United Kingdom 136,998
6 Germany 92,297
7 Japan 81,477
8 South Korea 65,144
9 Italy 60,753
10 Taiwan 54,892
11 Canada 49,576
12 Brazil 44,803
13 Russia 43,406
14 Australia 42,447
15 Turkey 39,048
16 Netherlands 36,710
17 Iran 30,121
18 Malaysia 29,064
19 Spain 26,966
20 Norway 19,482

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries for this journal.

other metrics in reach