Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 589,170
2 United States 306,731
3 United Kingdom 157,842
4 India 143,881
5 Japan 92,549
6 France 90,443
7 Germany 85,913
8 South Korea 75,968
9 Canada 51,271
10 Italy 49,709
11 Brazil 45,720
12 Australia 43,608
13 Taiwan 43,068
14 Russia 37,739
15 Turkey 37,236
16 Netherlands 36,167
17 Spain 23,633
18 Iran 23,118
19 Switzerland 20,802
20 Malaysia 18,160

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach