Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 599,647
2 United States 303,515
3 United Kingdom 159,740
4 India 130,902
5 Japan 95,214
6 France 92,711
7 South Korea 80,054
8 Germany 73,374
9 Canada 52,883
10 Italy 49,751
11 Australia 43,445
12 Netherlands 37,737
13 Turkey 37,047
14 Brazil 34,483
15 Russia 33,638
16 Taiwan 26,104
17 Spain 23,947
18 Switzerland 21,037
19 Iran 17,468
20 Sweden 16,238

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach