Publication Options

1400 1050 700 350 73 1,250 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 73 1,250 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
  • 9
  • 445
  • 7
  • 515
  • 23
  • 777
  • 34
  • 872
  • 73
  • 1250

About Publication Options

Discover how many authors have chosen to publish open access in this journal.

Metrics

Year TOTAL PUBLISHED Subscription Open access articles
2020 1323 1250 73
2019 906 872 34
2018 800 777 23
2017 522 515 7
2016 454 445 9

Definition

Publishing open access

If an author has chosen to publish open access, their article will be made immediately and freely available upon publication on ScienceDirect, in perpetuity, with the author’s chosen user license. Publication is typically funded by an upfront payment made by authors, their institution or funding bodies, commonly known as an Article Publishing Charge (APC). In some journals publication is subsidised by a third party and therefore no upfront payment is required.

Publishing under the subscription model

If an author has chosen to publish under the subscription model, their article will be made available on ScienceDirect and will be accessible to the subscribing institutions and individuals, which fund the publication of the article.

Elsevier also makes research published under the subscription model completely free to access in specific situations, including during health emergencies, to patients and caregivers, and to institutions in low- and middle-income countries.

We never charge for the same article twice: When calculating subscription prices, we do not take into account growth in open access articles. For more information, please see here.

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